Palestinian Personalities

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ZAHHAR MAHMOUD (1945- )
 

Surgeon, lecturer, Islamic University, Gaza. Member, Council for Higher Education, elected in 1990 chaiman of Arab Medical Association of Gaza.

 

 

AZ-ZARU, NADIM (1929- )
 

Born in 1929 in Ramallah. Studied in Ramallah, then entered university and studied pharmacy for three years at Houston University in Texas. Worked as a pharmacist for 12 years in Ramallah. Was elected as Head of Ramallah Municipality Council from 1960-1964. Operated Al-Zaro Travel Agency, which he owned, until 1968. Became Mayor of Ramallah from 1964-1972. In August 1972 he became a Minister of Transport in the Jordanian Government. In September 1972, he became a member of the Higher Executive Committee of the Arab National Union. A member of the Administration Council of the Jerusalem Electricity Company from 1964-1969, and a member of the Administration Council of Ramallah Water Authority from 1962-1969.

 

 

ZU'AITER, ADEL (1897-1957)
 

Born in Nablus in 1897 to one of the notable families of the city; completed elementary and high school education in Beirut; received his first degree in Arts from the Sultan College in Constantinople; was appointed as a reserve officer in the Ottoman Army in 1916, defected with the Arab Revolt and joined the forces of the Arab Army headed by Prince Faisal Bin Hussein; received a death sentence in absentia for this by the Turks in 1917; went to Cairo to pursue his education but was interrupted by the British Mandate of Palestine and his subsequent return to Nablus; represented the city of Nablus (together with Mohammed Izzat Darwazeh and Ibrahim Abdul Hadi) in the First Syrian Convention in Damascus in 1919, in which the proclamation of the independence of Syria was announced; contributed to the drafting of the first constitution in that era; following the French occupation of Damascus in 1920 went to the School of Law in Paris, from where he graduated in 1925; at the same time, began his early work in translation of the great works of French literature; returned to Palestine and worked as a lawyer in Nablus; also became a teacher at the Law School in Jerusalem from 1927-36; voluntarily represented some of the political activists during the Revolts of 1929-30 and 1933; represented Nablus in most of the Palestinian national conferences; became a member of one of its first Arab Executive Committees in 1928; resigned from teaching at the Law School and dedicated his efforts and career to translating over 36 volumes of famous universal thought (e.g., Montesquieu, Jean-Jacque Rousseau, Voltaire, Emil Ludwig, Gustave Lebon, etc.); was elected as a member of the Iraqi Scientific Forum in 1953 and of the Arabic Language Forum in Damascus in 1955; had a heart attack whilst translating the famous book Les Penseurs de l’Islam (The Philosophers of Islam) (5 vols.) by the French author Carra de Vaux; died on 21 Nov. 1957.

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ZU’AITER, AKRAM (1909-1996)

Born in Nablus in 1909; brother of Adel Zu’aiter; completed An-Najah College, the enrolled at the Jerusalem School of Law, graduating with Law Certificate; worked as a teacher in Nablus and Acre from 1926-29; worked as a teacher but resigned when he got increasingly involved in the national movement; headed the Editing Dept. of the Jerusalem-based Mirat Ash-Sharq (Mirror of the East) newspaper, owned by Boulos Shehadeh, in 1929-30; was arrested in 1931 by the British authorities for his criticism of British pro-Zionist politics and was prevented from leaving Nablus for one year; was a founding member of the Istiqlal Party in 1932 and supervised its branches; was appointed a teacher at Dar Al-Mu’allamin (Teacher College) in Baghdad from 1933-35; then returned to Palestine and helped establishing national committees; also became treasurer of the national committee in Nablus; participated in the Arab Revolt in 1936 and was detained for his activism by the British; subsequently spent the years from 1937-51 in exile; moved to Iraq where he worked as a teacher and inspector; participated in 1941 in Rashid Ali Kilani’s revolt in Iraq; moved to Aleppo then Turkey (for three years) after the revolt was suppressed; returned to Syria, where he participated in national activities; was selected head of the Arab Delegation that went to Latin America in 1947 to explain and lobby for the Palestinian cause; counselor of the Syrian Delegation to the Arab League, and Deputy of the Syrian government at the Permanent Palestine Committee; moved to Palestine in 1951; was Sec.-Gen. of the Islamic Conference which convened in Jerusalem in 1959; appointed as Ambassador of Jordan in Damascus from 1963-64, then Ambassador in Iran; appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs; member of the House of Senates in 1966; appointed Minister of the Royal Hashemite Court in 1967; in 1968, appointed Ambassador at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs; served as Ambassador in Beirut and Athens during 1971-75; during his stay in Lebanon, was head of the Islamic Cultural Center; left Beirut following the Israeli siege in 1982, during which his library was burnt; went back to Jordan and became a member of the House of Senates; in 1984, appointed head of the Royal Committee for Jerusalem Affairs, Amman; edited and wrote several books on Palestine, incl. The Palestine Question (English, Damascus, 1958), Documents on the Palestinian National Movements, 1918-1939 and 1935-1939, and My Memories; died in Amman on 11 April 1996.

Website: www.akramzuayter.org

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ZUREIK, NAKHLEH (1859-1921)
 

Born in Beirut. Moved to Palestine and joined the English College in Jerusalem as a teacher of Arabic Language. He combined the spirit of knowledge and the spirit of nationalism. He left no written texts, and is not survived by any offspring.

 

 

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