PALESTINE FACTS

Personalities - Alphabetical Listing

J

 
JA'ABARI, SHEIKH SULAIMAN (1912-1994)

Born in Hebron; studied at al-Azhar University in Cairo; worked as educator in Jaffa, Lydda, and Hebron, and in religious courts in Jaffa, Kydda and Safed; appointed Deputy Mufti of Jerusalem by Sheikh Jarallah after the British Mandate; chief magistrate for Jordan and Mufti of the Jordanian army; worked in education in Saudi Arabia and Qatar; counselor in the Department of Education, Jerusalem, Hebron, Ramallah and El-Bireh until he retired (1975); appointed Mufti of Jerusalem by Jordan (in 1993) until his death.

 

 

JA'ABARI, SHEIKH MOHAMMED ALI (1900-1980)

Head of the Jericho Conference of December 1948 which called for the unification of West Bank and Jordan. Held a seat in the upper chamber of the Jordan government in the 1950s; mayor of Hebron from 1948-76; proposed after the Israeli occupation of the West Bank in 1967 a transitional phase of 5 years with Israeli military redeployment after which Palestinians would exercise their right for self-determination; member of various Jordanian cabinets in the 1970s.

 

 

JAR-ALLAH, SHEIKH HUSSAM AL-DIN (1884-1954)

Born in 1884 in Jerusalem; graduate of al-Azhar University, Cairo; leading member of the Supreme Muslim Council; in 1918 Muslim representative to the Administrative Committee of the MCA; allied with the Nashashibis; topped the list of candidates chosen by the ulama (and fully supported by the Nashashibi family) in 1921 for the title of Mufti but persuaded, mainly by the British, to resign; lifelong rival of Haj Amin al-Husseini; Chief Justice and inspector of the Muslim religious courts in Palestine; in the mid-1930s Inspector of the Education Department in Jerusalem; from October 1937 he served as the sole Muslim member of the Council after its other members had been deported or exiled; appointed Mufti of Jerusalem and Chief Qadi on December 20, 1948 (replacing Haj Amin Husseini); Advocated the provision of education for women. Died 6 March 1954 in Jerusalem.

 

 

JAR-ALLAH, 'ALI

Brother of Sheikh Husam ad-Din and an expert in civil judiciary in Palestine. He became a member of the Higher Court of Appeal and a member of the Higher Court of Justice. He was an authority in his field and commanded the respect of his British Colleague Justices.

 

 

JABR, 'ADIL (1888- 1953)

Born in Jaffa in 1888. He studied at Les Freres Chretiens, and then worked on his father's orange groves in Jaffa to save money to study at the University of Geneva in Switzerland. At Geneva he studied Economic and Social Sciences. He excelled at his studies and was awarded a scholarship to study for a Masters degree. When Jabr returned to Palestine he first devoted his energies to education. He taught at the Dusturiyyah School in Jerusalem founded in 1909, and named after the Ottoman Constitution promulgated in 1908. It was a private school, which was founded by Khalil Sakakini (Jabr was a good friend of Khalil Sakakini - they were part of the Party of the Vagabonds, the Sa'aleek group.) The school stressed a secular curriculum and served as the prototype for Palestinian schools. He also taught at the Salahiyya College until 1918 with Sakakini and others. In 1918 he married Marie Sidawi and they had 3 children, Daoud (1919-1998), Afif (1921-1984) and a daughter, Zakia (1923-). Between 1918-1921 he was Deputy Director of the Education Department. He assumed the chair of Economics and Political Science in the Law Faculty in Jerusalem in 1923. Between 1921 and 1924 he participated in two major conferences on “ancient Archaeology” in Cairo. From 1923-30 he was delegated by the Islamic Higher Council to perform various missions in Egypt. He also served as custodian for the Islamic Museum and the Al-Aqsa Mosque Library. In 1929 after the “al Buraq” uprising Jabr became an editor for Al Hayat newspaper. After being an editor (the newspaper went bankrupt), he became a member of the Jerusalem Municipal Council. While on the Municipal Council, he drafted a proposal for a federated binational state in 1940-1941. In May 1948 when he was driven away from his home in the German Colony, he settled in Heliopolis near Cairo, where he and Sakakini became members of The Arabic Language Academy. On the 1st September 1951 he was appointed to the upper house of the Jordanian Parliament by King Talal. Jabr died in Jericho from a heart attack on December 19, 1953. His publications include a pamphlet he translated on “The Spirit of Nationalism” by Max Nordor which was published in the daily Lisan Al-Arab edited by Ibrahim Salim Najjar. He also published a tourist brochure about the Cave of Patriarchs in Hebron and a historical guide to Al-Aqsa based on the work of George Antonius.

 

 

AL-JAMAL, SHIBLI
From Jerusalem. He worked in politics for a short period: Musa Kathim al-Hussaini (Head), Haj Tafiq Hammad (Deputy), Shibli al-Jamal, Amin al-Tamimi, Mu'in al-Madhi and Ibrahim ash-Shammas. Shibli was chosen because of his economic expertise. He was mostly engaged in tourism. Shibli died at the end of WWII.  


JARJOU’I, EMIL MUSA BASIL (1935-2007)

Born in Jerusalem on 21 July 1935 to a Christian family; received an M.B.B.Ch. from Ein Shams University, Cairo in 1963; joined the Jordanian Army for two years (1964-66) as Captain in the Medical Services; worked as a General Practitioner in different clinics and with the Lutheran World Federation, Jerusalem, from 1965-68; went to England and received a D.Ch. from London University, UK, in 1970;  became member of the Royal College of Physicians of the UK; received pediatric training at hospitals in London and Scotland; since 1970, member of the Arab Medical Association and of the Knights of Lazarus; returned and became resident pediatrician at the Spafford Center in Jerusalem’s Old City from 1974-79; serves as head of the Pediatric Dept. of the Greek Catholic Patriarchate Center  in Jerusalem since 1979; became Assistant Medical Director of the Caritas Baby Hospital in Bethlehem in 1982 and Medical Director soon after, serving until 2002; Board member of the Middle East Council of Churches since 1986; is also a member of the Geneva-based World Council of Churches; served as Pres. of the Jerusalem Society for Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation; was elected PLC member for Jerusalem (Fateh) in the Jan. 1996 elections (through the Christian quota); is a member of the PLO Exec. Committee since 1996 and the PNC since 1997, serving as head of the Christian Affairs portfolio; serves also as head of PLO Health portfolio in Jerusalem; led the talks with the Vatican that resulted in the signing of an accord to normalize relations between the PA and Roman Catholic churches in Jerusalem in 2000; is Vice-Chairperson of the Board of Augusta Victoria Hospital in Jerusalem and Chairman of the East Jerusalem Hospital Forum; was re-elected PLC member (Fateh, Jerusalem) in the 2006 elections (Christian quota), Died of a heart attack  in Jerusalem on Nov 23, 2007, at the age of 72.

 

JARRAR, BASSAM

Educator; Imam of Ramallah mosque; placed repeatedly under house arrest and several times imprisoned; member of the Higher Islamic Council in Jerusalem.

 

 

JAYYOUSI, HASHEM ABDALLAH (1903 - )

Born in Tulkarem in 1903. Studied at the Othoman Islamic College in Beirut in 1916 and studied law for two years at the American University in Palestine in 1923. He occupied several government positions such as Mayor of Tulkarem, and the Head of Tulkarem Court from 1938-1948. He later became Deputy of the local education committee, as well as a member of the Arab Executive Committee representing Tulkarem from 1948-1951. He was appointed Minister of Transport in October 1950, and soon after became Minister of Agriculture, Building and Construction until July 1951. In July 1951 he was appointed a Minister of Transport until September 1952, then Minister of Interior from May 1954 until October 1954. He was Minister of Trade and Commerce October 1954 until May 1955. In December 1955 he became Minister of Agriculture, Post and Communication, and Civil Aviation until January 1956. Next, he was Minister of Finance until January 1962. He remained a member of the Jordanian Parliament until November 1963. He became a Jordanian senator in November 1963, appointed again as Minister of Finance until March 1969. He retired in October 1971.

 

 

Al-JAZZAR, SHEIKH 'ABD ALLAH

The Mufti of Acre during the Othoman era and continued in this capacity during the British Mandate. He was appointed as the Shari'ah Qadi (Judge) of Acre. He was a conservative regarding the new Islamic currents. He established an Islamic school in the mosque of Ahmed al-Jazzar in Acre. (not a relative of Ahmed al-Jazzar the hero of Acre who repelled Napolean).

 

 

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