The Meaning of the Flag By Dr. Mahdi Abdul Hadi
Click on the color
Khawarij were the first Islamic group to emerge after the assassination
of Caliph Uthman III, forming the first republican party in the early
days of Islam. Their symbol was the red flag. Arab tribes who participated
in the conquest of North Africa and Andalusia carried the red flag, which
became the symbol of the Islamic rulers of Andalusia (756-1355). In modern
times, red symbolizes the Ashrafs of the Hijaz and the Hashemites, descendants
of the Prophet. Sharif Hussein designed the current flag as the flag of
the Arab Revolt on June 1916. The Palestinian people raised it as the
flag of the Arab National movement in 1917. In 1947, the Arab Ba'ath Party
interpreted the flag as a symbol of the liberation and unity of the Arab
nation. The Palestinian people readopted the flag at the Palestinian conference
in Gaza in 1948. The flag was recognized by the Arab League as the flag
of the Palestinian people. It was further endorsed by the PLO, the representative
of the Palestinians, at the Palestinian conference in Jerusalem in 1964.
Prophet Mohammad (570-632)
the seventh century, with the rise of Islam and subsequent liberation
of Mecca, two flags - one white, one black - were carried. On the white
flag was written, "There is no god but God (Allah) and Mohammad is
the Prophet of God."
Umayyad Dynasty (661-750), Damascus
Umayyads ruled for ninety years, taking white as their symbolic color
as a reminder of the Prophet's first battle at Badr, and to distinguish
themselves from the Abbasids, by using white, rather than black, as their
color of mourning.
Fatimid Dynasty (909-1171), North Africa
Fatimid Dynasty was founded in Morocco by Abdullah Al-Mahdi, and went
on rule all of North Africa.
From: Evolution of the Arab Flag, by Mahdi Abdul Hadi, Amman, Feb. 1986.