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OUT OF PRINT

Negotiating Jerusalem
Preconditions for Drawing Scenarios
Based on Territorial Compromises

by Enrico Molinaro

April 2002 (English, Pp. 127)

CONTENTS

GLOSSARY OF KEY TERMS RELATED TO 'SOVEREIGNTY' AND 'STATUS QUO'

INTRODUCTION

I. THE TERRITORIAL/NATIONAL-ORIENTED APPROACH PREVAILING DURING THE OSLO NEGOTIATIONS

I.1 Ancient Rome and Modern Europe: From a Flexible Combination to an Exclusive Cyclical Dichotomy of Territorial and Personal Jurisdiction?

I.2 The European State's Model of Exclusive Territorial Sovereignty. Legal-Historical Background of the Term and Practical Distinction to its Three Different Aspects: Independence, Authority and Title

I.3 The Limits in International Practice of the Described Model: Functional, Personal and Territorial Jurisdiction


II. JERUSALEM AS A SPECIAL ISSUE POSTPONED UNTIL THE COMMENCEMENT OF PERMANENT STATUS NEGOTIATIONS: THE UNIVERSALIST/ RELIGIOUS DIMENSION OF JERUSALEM ANDTHE STATUS QUO IN THE HOLY PLACES

II.1 The Different Meanings of 'Status Quo' in Jerusalemand the Political/Territorial Status Quo

II.2 The Original Overlapping of Personal and Territorial Jurisdiction in the Ottoman Empire

  1. The Holy Places of Jerusalem and the Capitulations
  2. The Millet System

II.3 The Status Quo in the Holy Places in the Narrow Sense

  1. Origins of the Christian Holy Places' Status Quo
  2. The Status Quo's Extension to the Jewish-Muslim Holy Places
  3. The Settlement of Disputes on the Rights and Claims in Connection with the Holy PlacesAccording to the Mandate's Provisions
  4. The Status Quo System of Law

II.4 The Cultural/Religious Status Quo

II.5 The Wider Context of the Human Right of Freedomof Religion and Worship


III. CREATIVE PROPOSALS FOR THE NEGOTIATORS

III.1 The Model of Exclusive 'Sovereignty' of the State Within its Territorial Boundaries and its Practical Distinction to the Three Different Aspects: Authority, Title, and Independence

III.2 The Status Quo of the Holy Places: Suggesting
Technical Solutions

  1. The Status Quo System of Law
  2. Policy Options for the Settlement of Disputes

REFERENCES

ANNEXES

Annex 1
The Terms of Mandate for Palestine [Excerpts], July 24, 1922

Annex 2
The Palestine (Holy Places) Order in Council, 1924

Annex 3
The Status Quo in the Holy Places, [Excerpts] By L.G. Cust

Annex 4
Israel's Draft Resolution on Jerusalem, Submitted to the General Assembly of the United Nations on 25 November 1949

Annex 5
Memorandum of Their Beatitudes the Patriarchs and of the Heads of the Christian Communities in Jerusalem on the Significance of Jerusalem for Christians November 14, 1994

Annex 6
Statement of Policy for the Protection of the Cultural/Religious Status Quo

Annex 7
Letter sent on 9 December 2001 by His Highness Prince Hassan bin Talal to the Author

Annex 8
Map of Jerusalem Municipal Boundaries, 1947-2000

Annex 9
Pictures of the Holy Places Affected by the Status Quo (see Annex 3)

 

 

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