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Palestine in Review – This Was 200
5
A Day
-to-Day Chronology                                                                             

 

 




English, 100 pages 
© PASSIA Publications
June 2007
ISBN:
978-9950-305-23-6

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Contents

::List of Abbreviations
::Introduction
::About this book
::Chronology
::Glossary
::Index

Introduction

 

Dr. Mahdi Abdul Hadi
Head of PASSIA, Jerusalem

The Palestinian Academic Society for the Study of International Affairs (PASSIA) has dedicated nearly 20 yearsto recording and documenting the unfolding history of the Palestinians. In doing so, PASSIA has covered a plethora of subjects ranging from settlement policies in Jerusalemto historical examinations to political analysis.

This Was 2005 marks the sixth year in a row that PASSIA has published its annual review historical book series. These volumes are compiled with intent to simultaneously preserve and highlight the internal and external daily struggles of the Palestinian people. By reminding the reader of the unfolding events which shape the world of the Palestinian, PASSIA hopes to bring home the daily reality of life in the Occupied Palestinian Territories.

In many respects, the year 2005 did not herald the momentous changes that were expected. After the death of Yasser Arafat in November of 2004, much of 2005 was spent with the Palestinian people searching for a new way forward in the global world while simultaneously facing a crisis of leadership. Arafat had been the face and symbol of the Palestinian movement for over 40 years and after his death, Palestinians needed to insure that the momentum for a peaceful resolution was not lost.

The year began on a promising note with the democratically held elections bringing in Mahmoud Abbas of the Fateh movement as president of the PA. Talks between Israel and the PA, however, continued to stall while human rights violations within the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT) continued. The month of February signaled the beginning of the noteworthy Gaza disengagement plan which was to take place in August after nearly four decades of occupation in the Gaza Strip. Also approved was the revised route for the separation barrier, only 20% of which would follow the Green Line.

Municipal elections which took place in mid-2005 oversaw the political movement of Hamas beat Fateh in four out of five major cities. Fateh nonetheless came out on top after some election results were annulled due to reports of irregularities. Notably, in the end of May, the Israeli Cabinet approved the release of 400 Palestinian prisoners in what PM Sharon called a bid to bolster moderate President Abbas ahead of the Gaza pullout. Towards the end of 2005 in November, Sharon created a new centrist party, Kadima, on a platform of preserving a Jewish majority.

December was dominated by the preparation of the PLC elections scheduled for January 2006. Finance Minister Salaam Fayyad announced that he would head an independent list – ‘The Third Way’ – while Fateh’s young guards registered a separate list – named ‘Al Mustaqbal’– headed by jailed leader Marwan Barghouthi. By December 15th, twelve lists had been submitted, including one by Hamas (running as ‘Change and Reform’) with Ismail Haniya as a leading candidate. This was done in defiance of Israeli, US, and other warnings that political participation on the part of Hamas would spell an end to all hopes for peace talks because the group had sworn itself to the destruction of Israel. The last month of 2005 also marked the first of two nearly fatal heart attacks for Israeli Prime Minister Sharon.

 

The compiling of the dates and facts for This Was 2005 was no small feat and we hope that this comprehensive, yet cursory, collection of events that took place in 2005 will give a snapshot of life in the OPT. As always, the documentation of the contemporary history of Palestine was complicated, mostly because of the complex nature of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. PASSIA recognizes that it is impossible to compile a completely comprehensive list of every meeting, statement, resolution, military incursion, etc. that ever took place and for this we humbly realize that this volume represents our version of 2005. Others may have included different material or excluded material found here and we can only state that This Was 2005 represents the best efforts of PASSIA at providing accurate and truthful documentation of the events of 2005.

 

Dr. Mahdi Abdul Hadi
Head of PASSIA, Jerusalem

 

 
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– This Was 2000
  Palestine in Review
– This Was 2001
         
Palestine in Review – This Was 2002
  Palestine in Review – This Was 2003
         
Palestine in Review – This Was 2004
 
         
 
 
 

PASSIA
The Palestinian Academic Society for the Study of International Affairs, Jerusalem

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